Блог «Роды в Аргентине»

Religion in Argentina

The Constitution guarantees religious freedom in the state. Although the Constitution does not introduce an official faith in Argentina, it gives Catholicism a completely different status. The government mainly funds the Roman Catholic Church. Also, in the country, some preserved traditions and customs do not allow a person who is not a Catholic to become president.

Approximately 90% of the total population of the country are Catholics. There is also a sizeable Jewish community, primarily concentrated in Buenos Aires. Also, here you can see atheists, agnostics, evangelical protestants, Jehovah's Witnesses, Buddhists, Jews, and Islamists.

Argentinians identifying themselves as Protestants are most likely to belong to low-income groups. It so happened that Protestantism is more prevalent among marginalized individuals who are pursued by a sense of detachment from the Catholic Church.

Now, Eastern religions are more popular among the middle and upper classes.

Representatives of entirely different population groups regularly turn to various healers and witches. Some healers come from Brazil with African-American beliefs. In contrast, others combine Catholicism and folk faith in their work. Still, others are ordinary citizens who learned the secrets of the Tarot and Yi Ching in their time. Many healers are becoming so popular that they read fate from the palm and tarot cards at craft fairs on weekends.

Unlike the inhabitants of neighbouring countries, Argentinians devote themselves to worshipping the most popular saints instead of practicing rituals associated with magic. This practice is widespread in remote regions of the country, as well as in Patagonia. On the streets, you will see small altars dedicated to saints. They are so crucial in the daily life of Argentinian people that even the church has adopted them and, in some cases, even included them in masses. Among the most popular and loved are the famous Gauchito Gil in Corrientes and Difunta Correa in San Juan.

In Argentina, one can also notice regional differences in religious practice and degree of commitment. For example, the capital (Buenos Aires) is considered the country’s most secularized region. At the same time, the desert provinces of Jujuy, Salta and Tucumán have a strong sense of religious devotion.

If you are lucky enough to be in Argentina during a religious holiday, it is essential to take advantage of the opportunity to participate. Everyone will undoubtedly be delighted with the incredible feeling of excitement present at such ceremonies and processions. They are so crucial that bank holidays have even been added for some religious holidays. For example, in addition to Easter Monday and the weekend preceding it, the Thursday and Friday preceding Easter Monday also became bank holidays.

One of Argentina's most significant religious holidays is the "Señor y Virgen del Milagro" (the Lord and the Virgin of the Miracle) festival, commonly celebrated in Salta. This event involves many people walking, biking or horseback riding from their farmlands and desert towns to the province.